average weight of a car
Average weight of a passenger car

The factory instructions for our cars, as if by agreement, are allowed to transport only five people in the cabin and 50 kg in the trunk. Only "Oka" - 4 + 40. In addition, it is strictly forbidden to exceed the load. But whether it is possible, without crossing these boundaries, to allow other options, the documents do not explain. To get more ideas, check out: average weight of a car

For example, ride together, but carry 150 kg in the trunk. Someone needs to take on board four bags of cement, but they don't want to get dirty and breathe dust. Or bricks - although they are small, but heavy: 50 kg is about 20 pieces. And the wife and mother-in-law are all dragging along string bags and bags - they say, there is a place!


Designers, when designing a car, are obliged to take 68 kg for the mass of a "standard" person and provide 10 kg of cargo in the trunk for each. The number of crew members, in turn, is limited by the size of the cabin. So the notorious "5 + 50" is obtained. However, warning about the limitation of luggage on the roof, the instructions for some reason are silent about the possible options for filling the trunk. Maybe there are reasons?

In addition to the total mass of the transported cargo, there is another, no less strict criterion - the permissible axle load. But there is not a word about it in the manuals. However, it should be indicated on an output plate, usually placed somewhere under the hood, and we'll take a look at it.


Having found the tags of interest to us (ZR, 2000, No. 8) on common Russian models - "Moskvich 2141", GAZ 3110, VAZ 2106, Izh 2126 "Oda", VAZ 21093, VAZ 2110 - we find that only VAZ has declassified the weight characteristics of their cars and "Moskvich". To fill the information gap, leafed through the "Concise Automotive Directory of NIIAT". The picture, alas, did not become clearer (see Table 1). What to believe is not clear.


The total mass of "Moskvich" in the instructions was less than that indicated on the plate. The VAZ "six" and "nine" - on the contrary, but on IZH and GAZ there is so little data that there is nothing to compare with.


In search of the truth, we weighed the cars on the scales of the Dmitrovsky NITSIAMT and tried to determine how much can be loaded into the trunk with an incomplete crew, without exceeding the permissible load on the rear axle.

Almost all the cars in running order were heavier than they should be. Perhaps in some places the metal of the body is a couple of "dozen" thicker or the factories are cunning, embellishing the parameter.


An obvious criterion for the maximum load of a car is the distance from the standard rear wheel aprons to the ground, so it is useful for the owner to remember their position in the "5 + 50" state.


Table 2 summarizes the options for loading when the weight on the rear axle is close to the permissible one. We did not try to imitate all possible combinations - and so it turned out that you can load a lot. With one driver, 200 kg can easily fit into any trunk, and as much as 300 kg in Moskvich.